A fallout shelter is an enclosed space specially designed to protect occupants from radioactive debris or fallout resulting from a nuclear explosion.
A basic fallout shelter consists of shields that reduce gamma ray exposure by a factor of 1000. The required shielding can be accomplished with 10 times the thickness of any quantity of material capable of cutting gamma ray exposure in half.
If warned of an imminent attack, immediately get inside the nearest building and move away from windows.
This will help provide protection from the blast, heat, and radiation of the detonation.
Be inside before the fallout arrives. The highest outdoor radiation levels from fallout occur immediately after the fallout arrives and then decrease with time.
When you enter a shelter make sure you remove any clothes or items that may have came into contact with radioactive fallout.
A few good chioces while looking for shelter is, concrete, brick , bamboo, and sand/sand bags. these shelters are the most effective when trying to stay protected during a nuclear fallout.
Because many radioactive materials rapidly decay and dissipate, staying in your home for a short time may protect you from exposure to radiation. The walls of your home may block much of the harmful radiation.
The shelters listed stop radiation dust from seeping in through the building and will offer you the highest chance of survivng the fallout.
Now in terms of location settle somewhere secluded to keep you safe from other fallout survivers,chances are they wont be so friendly,so finding somewhere out of the publics few would be best for yours and whoever else is with you survivial.
When you move to your shelter, use duct tape and plastic sheeting to seal any doors, windows, or vents for a short period of time in case a radiation plume is passing over.
Preparing emergency kits for your family is an important step in keeping them safe and healthy during a disaster.
Within a few hours, you should remove the plastic and duct tape and ventilate the room. Suffocation could occur if you keep the shelter tightly sealed for more than a few hours.